Your home is one of the largest investments you will make during your life, and you need to do all you can to protect it and its value. Your home's foundation and support slab are essential to the structure of your home. If your home's foundation begins to sink, crack, or fail in any way, you need to get it inspected and professionally repaired when necessary. Here are some types of home foundation damage that you might encounter as a homeowner and how you can make sure they are properly repaired to prevent further home damage.
Wall Crack Damage
One of the most common types of damage to your foundation walls and slab is cracks that form over time. Cracks that have formed through your foundation wall are visible from the outside and from the interior when your basement walls are unfinished, but they don't always indicate a more serious problem. Natural cracks form within your foundation walls due to home settlement. However, some cracks are signs that your foundation is sinking or sloping to one side, so it is essential that you get them professionally inspected.
Most small hairline cracks in your foundation are only minor damage that you can repair by doing your own DIY repairs. You can apply an epoxy into the crack to fill it, which will prevent water intrusion into your home. You can also hire a professional foundation repair contractor to apply the injection filler into the cracks. This is a great way to ensure your basement walls won't allow any water entry after you have finished the basement space.
Foundation Slab Correction
Another type of damage that can occur to your foundation walls is damage that occurs when the concrete slab your home is built upon begins to sink and often crack into several sections. One side of your home can be sinking when the other side is intact. But this will cause your home to lean to one side and can cause the home to separate into two separate sections, with damage up through the walls, floors, and plumbing.
Your foundation professional can determine what has caused the foundation problems, such as settling or expansive soil, and then they can determine the best course of correction to reinforce the foundation. For example, they may need to raise the home foundation with hydraulic jacks and reinforce the foundation with steel or concrete piers that are installed in the soil and attached onto the foundation walls.